The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has laid out everything about WCAG standards that a website…
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has laid out everything about WCAG 2.o standards that a website needs to adhere to in order to be accessible. This global standards organization put together the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, or WCAG because they know the power of equal access to online content is made available to everyone.
WCAG 2.0 is centered around four main accessibility principles: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable, and Robust that are then further divided into 12 specific guidelines. The recent WCAG 2.1 updates extended the recommendations for making web content more accessible – most prominently to improve mobile accessibility and accessibility for individuals with low vision, cognitive, and learning disabilities. There are 17 new success criteria contained within WCAG 2.1.
Following WCAG guidelines help make content more accessible to people experiencing blindness and low vision, deafness and hearing loss, limited movement, speech disabilities, photosensitivity, as well as for those with cognitive impairment and learning disabilities.
About WCAG 2.0 Standards Adoption Across the United States
The United States has been extremely proactive when it comes to incorporating WCAG 2.0 standards into governmental policies and legal requirements. This includes Section 504 and Section 508 of the US Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which were based on WCAG 2.0 standards and require all electronic and information technology that is developed, procured, maintained, or used by the federal government to be made accessible to people with disabilities.
The 2017 ICT Refresh of Section 508 requires federal agencies to adopt WCAG 2.0 standards for web accessibility.
However, WCAG 2.1 standards are not required through Section 508. This is most likely because the US Access Board would have to launch an official update to revise Section 508 standards, which can be a long process and complicated process. It’s possible that the US Access Board will incorporate the next wave of WCAG web accessibility standard updates, which are expected from the W3C in the next few years.
Section 508 Closed Captioning Requirements Based on WCAG 2.0 Standards
Audio-only and Video-only (prerecorded)
- Section 508 §1194.22(a) is replaced with Level A success criterion 1.2.1 in WCAG 2.0 standards
- Requires a text transcript is for audio-only content and a text or audio description for video-only content.
- Section 508 §1194.22(b) and §1194.24(c) are replaced Level A success criterion 1.2.2 in WCAG 2.0
- Requires Synchronized captions for non-live, Web-based video (YouTube videos, etc.)
Audio Description (prerecorded)
- Section 508 §1194.22(b) and .24(d) are replaced with Level A success criterion 1.2.3 and Level AA success criterion 1.2.5 in WCAG 2.0
- Requires audio descriptions for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media
- 508 §1194.22(b) and .24(c) are replaced with Level AA success criterion 1.2.4 in WCAG 2.0
- Requires synchronized captions for all live multimedia that contain audio
You can view a detailed reference chart of all WCAG success criteria and the correlated Section 508 sections here.
How the World at Large has Embraced WCAG 2.0 Standards
With an estimated 1 billion people with disabilities worldwide and the fact that the Internet has no borders, the existence of a single standard has been hugely helpful in providing and managing global online accessibility.
WCAG has been translated into many different languages and incorporated into legal policies all over the world, helping to make the web more accessible to everyone. WCAG 2.0 standards have been officially translated into 27 languages, and WCAG 2.1 has been officially translated into 10 languages since its release.
As for official incorporation into legal policy, WCAG standards are used virtually all over the world, with most countries applying these standards into law on some level. For example, the province of Ontario in Canada has passed the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disability Act, requiring WCAG 2.0 Level AA compliance for all public and private organizations with more than 50 employees. Also, WCAG 2.1 criteria were recently built into the updated European ICT standards EN 301-549 version 2.1.2. in regard to organizations building new websites and applications for public sites. Nearly all the countries in South America have all adopted some level of WCAG compliance, and large swaths of Asia have also implemented WCAG 2.0 standards.
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If you are not aware of the rise of multiple foreign language captions in film and media….then listen up and we will cover the basics. As multiple foreign language captions Read More…